Paula Vogel (born November 16, 1951) is an American playwright who received the 1998 Pulitzer Prize for Drama for her play How I Learned to Drive. A longtime teacher, Vogel spent the bulk of her academic career – from 1984 to 2008 – at Brown University, where she served as Adele Kellenberg Seaver Professor in Creative Writing, oversaw its playwriting program, and helped found the Brown/Trinity Rep Consortium. From 2008 to 2012, Vogel was Eugene O'Neill Professor of Playwriting and department chair at the Yale School of Drama, as well as playwright in residence at the Yale Repertory Theatre.
Vogel was born in Washington, D.C. to Donald Stephen Vogel, an advertising executive, and Phyllis Rita (Bremerman), a secretary for the United States Postal Service Training and Development Center. Her father was Jewish and her mother was Catholic. She attended Bryn Mawr College from 1969 to 1970 and 1971 to 1972, and is a graduate of The Catholic University of America (BA, 1974) and Cornell University (MA, 1976; PhD, 2016).
A productive playwright since the late 1970s, Vogel first came to national prominence with her AIDS-related seriocomedy The Baltimore Waltz, which won the Obie Award for Best Play in 1992. She is best known for her Pulitzer Prize-winning play How I Learned to Drive (1997), which examines the impact and echoes of child sexual abuse and incest. Other notable plays include Desdemona, A Play About A Handkerchief (1993), The Oldest Profession (1981), And Baby Makes Seven (1984), Hot 'N Throbbing (1994), and The Mineola Twins (1996).
Her play The Oldest Profession was first read in February 1981 at the Hudson Guild, New York City and directed by Gordon Edelstein. The play premiered in April 1988 at Theatre Network in Edmonton, Canada and 25th Street Theatre in Saskatoon, Canada, directed by Tom Bentley-Fisher. Subsequent productions include a reading at Brown University in April 1990 and a production by Company One in Hartford, Connecticut in October 1991. The play premiered Off-Broadway in September 2004 in a Signature Theatre Company production.
And Baby Makes Seven premiered Off-Broadway in April 1993, produced by the Circle Repertory Company at the Lucille Lortel Theatre. The cast featured Peter Frechette, Cherry Jones and Mary Mara. It was first produced by Theatre with Teeth, New York City, in January 1984, directed by Vogel. It was then produced at Theatre Rhinoceros, San Francisco, in February 1986, directed by Kris Gannon. Desdemona was first produced by the Bay Street Theatre Festival, Sag Harbor, New York in July 1993 and then was produced Off-Broadway by the Circle Repertory Company in November 1993. The productions starred J. Smith-Cameron as Desdemona and Cherry Jones as Bianca.
Second Stage Theatre produced How I Learned to Drive in February 2012, the first New York City production of the play in 15 years. A Civil War Christmas was presented Off-Broadway at the New York Theatre Workshop, from November 13, 2012 to December 30, 2012. The play was directed by Tina Landau and featured Alice Ripley and Bob Stillman. The play was nominated for the 2013 Lucille Lortel Award, Outstanding Director (Landau) and Outstanding Costume Design, (Toni-Leslie James) and won the Lortel Award for Outstanding Lighting Design (Scott Zielinski). Artists Repertory Theatre, located in Portland, Oregon, presented "A Civil War Christmas: An American Musical Celebration," from November 22 to December 23, 2016.
Vogel's play with music, Indecent, co-created and directed by Rebecca Taichman, premiered at Yale Repertory Theatre on October 2, 2015, and then ran at La Jolla Playhouse (San Diego) in November 2015. Indecent was a finalist for the 2016 Edward M. Kennedy Prize for Drama. The play premiered Off-Broadway at the Vineyard Theatre, running from April 27, 2016 (previews), officially on May 17, 2016 and closing on June 19, 2016. The play was nominated for the 2016 Lucille Lortel Award, Outstanding Play. Indecent premiered on Broadway at the Cort Theatre on April 4, 2017 in previews, and opened April 18. The Off-Broadway cast, featuring Adina Verson and Katrina Lenk, reprised their roles in the Broadway production, with additional cast including Ben Cherry, Andrea Goss, and Eleanor Reissa. The play has music composed by Lisa Gutkin and Aaron Halva. The play is being produced by Vineyard Theatre in association with La Jolla Playhouse and Yale Repertory Theatre. This marks Vogel's Broadway debut. The play "is inspired by the real-life controversy surrounding the 1923 Broadway production of Sholem Asch's 'God of Vengeance', the love story of two women." Indecent was nominated for the 2017 Outer Critics Circle Awards: Outstanding New Broadway Play, Rebecca Taichman as Outstanding Director of a Play, Outstanding Lighting Design, Outstanding Projection Design (Tal Yarden), Outstanding Featured Actor In A Play (Richard Topol), and Outstanding Featured Actress In A Play (Katrina Lenk). The play was nominated for the 2017 Drama Desk Award, Outstanding Play and Outstanding Lighting Design for a Play (Christopher Akerlind).
Style and Shemes
Although no particular theme or topic dominates her work, she often examines traditionally controversial issues such as sexual abuse and prostitution. Asserting that she "writes the play backwards," moving from emotional circumstances and character to craft narrative structure, Vogel says, "My writing isn't actually guided by issues.... I only write about things that directly impact my life." Vogel adds, "If people get upset, it's because the play is working." Vogel's family, especially her late brother Carl Vogel, influences her writings. Vogel says, "In every play, there are a couple of places where I send a message to my late brother Carl. Just a little something in the atmosphere of every play to try and change the homophobia in our world." Carl's likeness appears in such plays as The Long Christmas Ride Home (2003), And Baby Makes Seven, and The Baltimore Waltz.
"Vogel tends to select sensitive, difficult, fraught issues to theatricalize," theatre theorist Jill Dolan comments, "and to spin them with a dramaturgy that's at once creative, highly imaginative, and brutally honest." Her work embraces theatrical devices from across several traditions, incorporating, in various works, direct address, bunraku puppetry, omniscient narration, and fantasy sequences. Critic David Finkel finds this breadth in Vogel's career to be reflective of a general tendency toward stylistic reinvention from work to work. "This playwright recoils at the notion of writing plays that are alike in their composition," Finkel writes. "She wants each play to be different in texture from those that have preceded it."
Vogel, a renowned teacher of playwriting, counts among her former students Susan Smith Blackburn Prize-winner Bridget Carpenter, Obie Award-winner Adam Bock, MacArthur Fellow Sarah Ruhl, and Pulitzer Prize-winners Nilo Cruz, Lynn Nottage, and Quiara Alegría Hudes.
During her two decades leading the graduate playwriting program and new play festival at Brown University, Vogel helped develop a nationally-recognized center for educational theatre, culminating in the creation of the Brown/Trinity Repertory Company Consortium with Oskar Eustis, then Trinity's artistic director, in 2002. She left Brown in 2008 to assume her positions as adjunct professor and the Chair of the playwriting department at Yale School of Drama, which she held until 2012, and the Playwright-in-Residence at Yale Repertory Theatre. She is currently the Eugene O'Neill Professor (adjunct) of Playwriting at Yale School of Drama and playwright-in-residence at the Yale Repertory Theatre, as well as an artistic associate at Long Wharf Theatre.
Vogel previously served as an instructor at Cornell University during her graduate work in the mid-1970s.
Vogel had two brothers: Carl, who died of AIDS in 1988, and Mark. Carl is namesake for the Carl Vogel Center in Washington, D.C., founded by their father Don Vogel. The Center is a service provider for people living with HIV.
Vogel married Brown University professor and author Anne Fausto-Sterling in Truro, Massachusetts, on September 26, 2004.
Honors and Awards
Subsequent to her Obie Award for Best Play (1992) and Pulitzer Prize in Drama (1998), Vogel received the Award for Literature from The American Academy of Arts and Letters in 2004.
She won a Robert Chesley Award in 1997. She won the 1998 Susan Smith Blackburn Prize for How I Learned to Drive. In 1999, Vogel received the PEN/Laura Pels International Foundation for Theater Award for a playwright in mid-career.
In 2003, the Kennedy Center American College Theater Festival created an annual Paula Vogel Award in Playwriting for "the best student-written play that celebrates diversity and encourages tolerance while exploring issues of dis-empowered voices not traditionally considered mainstream."
In 2013, Vogel was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame.
In 2016, Vogel successfully completed and defended her doctoral thesis at Cornell University, more than 40 years after she began her graduate work. She was awarded her Ph.D. in Theatre Arts in May.
Vogel received the 2017 Obie Award for Lifetime Achievement.
In 2015 Paula Vogel's literary archive was obtained by the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale University, and she became the first female playwright included in the library's Yale Collection of American Literature.
- Swan Song of Sir Henry (1974)
- Meg (1977)
- Apple-Brown Betty (1979)
- Bertha in Blue (1981)
- The Oldest Profession (Hudson Guild, New York City reading, 1981)
- And Baby Makes Seven (New York City, 1984)
- The Baltimore Waltz (Off-Broadway, 1992)
- Desdemona, A Play about a Handkerchief (Bay Street Theatre and Off-Broadway, 1993)
- Hot 'N Throbbing (American Repertory Theater, 1994)
- The Mineola Twins (Perseverance Theatre, 1996)
- How I Learned to Drive (Off-Broadway, 1997)
- The Long Christmas Ride Home (Trinity Repertory Company, 2003)
- Civil War Christmas (Long Wharf Theatre, 2008)
- Don Juan Comes Home from Iraq (Wilma Theatre, 2014)
- Indecent (Yale Repertory Theatre, 2015) (Cort Theatre, Broadway, NY, 2017 - nominated for Tony Award)
- "Playwright Vogel returns to campus for Ph.D. | Cornell Chronicle". news.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-26.
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- Vogel, Paula. '"The Oldest Profession", The Baltimore Waltz and Other Plays, Theatre Communications Group, 1995, ISBN 1-55936-713-X, pp. 128-129
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- Vogel, Paula. '"And Baby Makes Seven", The Baltimore Waltz and Other Plays, Theatre Communications Group, 1995, ISBN 1-55936-713-X, p. 60
- Vogel, Paula. Desdemona: A Play about a Handkerchief, Dramatists Play Service, Inc., 1994, ISBN 0822213915, p. 3
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- Clement, Olivia. " 'Indecent' Opens on Broadway April 18" Playbill, April 18, 2017
- Clement, Olivia. " 'Anastasia' Leads 2017 Outer Critics Circle Award Nominations" Playbill, April 25, 2017
- McPhee, Ryan. " 'Hello, Dolly!', 'Come From Away', and 'Anastasia' Lead 2017 Drama Desk Award Nominations" Playbill, April 27, 2017
- Parker, Mary-Louise. "Paula Vogel", BOMB Magazine, Fall 1997. Retrieved on 2011-07-19.
- Jill Dolan, "How I Learned to Drive" (review), Theatre Journal, Vol. 50, No. 1 (March 1998) p. 127.
- David Finkle (5 November 2003). "Review: The Long Christmas Ride Home". TheaterMania. Retrieved 2008-12-25.
- Adam Bock (Fall 2007). "The Journey of The Receptionist". Manhattan Theatre Club (Interview: transcript). Interviewed by Annie MacRae. Archived from the original on 2009-07-31. Retrieved 2008-12-25.
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- Rebecca Mead, "Stage Left," The New Yorker, March 22, 2010, p. 25 .
- Hetrick, Adam. "Paula Vogel to Exit Role at Yale School of Drama; New Projects On the Horizon" Playbill, August 16, 2011
- Campbell Robertson (18 January 2008). "Paula Vogel Goes to Yale". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-12-25.
- Adam Hetrick (15 May 2008). "Yale Receives $2.85 Million Grant; Vogel Named Playwright-in-Residence". Playbill. Archived from the original on 9 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-25.
- "Vogel Bio" yalerep.org, accessed October 4, 2015
- Szatmary, Peter. "Vogel & Buffini Win 20th Annual Blackburn Prize" Playbill, February 24, 1998
- "1999 Literary Award Winners" pen.org, accessed October 4, 2015
- "The Paula Vogel Award in Playwriting". The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. 2007. Retrieved 2008-12-25.
- Gans, Andrew; Gioia. "Betty Buckley, Sam Waterston, Trevor Nunn, Paula Vogel and More Inducted into Theatre Hall of Fame Jan. 28", Playbill, January 2013
- Warner, Sara. "Playwright Vogel returns to campus for Ph.D.", cornell.edu, March 29, 2016
- "Obie Awards 2017" obieawards.com, retrieved May 25, 2017
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- "'Don Juan Comes Home from Iraq', Wilma Theater" wilmatheater.org, accessed October 2, 2015
- Indecent 2017 Tony Awards nominations
- Profile at Brown University
- Paula Vogel at the Internet Broadway Database
- Paula Vogel on IMDb
- Paula Vogel at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- Paula Vogel on Charlie Rose
- Works by or about Paula Vogel in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- "Paula Vogel collected news and commentary". The New York Times.
- Paula Vogel – Downstage Center interview at America Theatre Wing.org
- Biographical information on enotes.com
- Profile in innewsweekly.com, March 29, 2007
- 1997 BOMB Magazine interview of Paula Vogel by Mary-Louise Parker